A wall runs along the northern and North-western border of the People’s Republic of China. It extends from the Chinwangtao area on the Yellow Sea in the east to the Gautai region in Gansu Province in the west. The fence was built to protect against attacks by northern peoples such as Turk. Mongols, and to protect against campaigns by nomadic tribes from the northern plains.
However, the wall was unable to protect China from the attacks of the Bedouin (barbarians), who fought the invasions carried out by the kings of the kings “Ching”
The Great Wall of China is the most remarkable wonder of the seven wonders of the ancient and modern world, with a length of about 6,400 km. Making it the tallest building in history ever.
Building the great wall of China.
The Great Wall of China was built over decades and successive governments and in stages; to show us the present form as a miracle of the Seven Wonders of the World. Here we explain these stages in detail.
Start of construction: Zhao State located in the north side of the capital in the 7th century BC by building permanent defensive system around its borders and knew then (wall box).
In the fourth century BC a comprehensive perimeter wall was constructed. using river barriers and mountainous terrain in the southern part of Que state. and extended to the shores of the Yellow Sea. Another wall was built in Zhongshan State in the southwest; to foil the invasion of Zhao and Qin provinces. The state of Wei has built two defensive walls around its borders. The wall of Heskey is located west of the Yellow River, and the Henan Wall is in the south of the Yellow River.
The era of the royal family (Yuan): In the reign of Emperor Han (141-87 BC), attention was Euskirchen and strengthened to address the nomads Xiongnu and became in that period of the most flourishing agriculture and the growth of the commercial path that became known as the Silk Road factors. Where he ordered Han in 121 BC to develop a wall Hiksa, as successive reforms in the wall during the reign of Bai Wei Dynasty (386-534 AD).
Ming Dynasty to the present: During the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), the rulers preserved the Great Wall of China. The Great Wall of China appears to us in the present form as we see today as a result of the work done during the reign of Emperor Hong chi (1487-1705). Guiyang to an inner wall and an outer wall, and built the three internal corridors: Guiyang Road, Daumier, and Zinging, which are of great importance in access to the capital and are thus heavily protected.
The main parts of the Great Wall.
The Great Wall of China consists mainly of defensive walls and strategic corridors. Observation towers, warning towers, barracks, and other defense installations. The walls built on rugged terrain and over the mountains are relatively low and narrow. In order to provide manpower and construction expenses. The strategic corridors are the most important defensive sites along the fence. Where these corridors are usually located in defensive positions in order to resist the aggressors. The warning towers are primarily used to form facilities for the transmission and transmission of military information.
Most notable is the tourist sites in the world and that reflect how smart human brain and creative ability. The great wall was added to the World Heritage list UNESCO internationalism
The Chinese government allows daily visits to the fence, which can be visited from 7 am to 5:30 pm. Statistics show that after the opening of the Great Wall of China officially in 1954, the number of visitors to nearly 130 million people.