Abu Simbel is one of important archaeological sites in the Arabic Republic of Egypt, located in the Southern State on the Bank of Lake Nasser, where is about southwest of Aswan 290 km distance.
Abu Simbel temple features two massive rock temples, which are carved out since the 13th century BC in the mountains since the reign of King Pharaoh Ramses II, constitute his monument and for Queen Nefertiti, he started building the temple complex of Abu Simbel in 1244 BC and lasted to complete its construction. One boat and twenty years, and had known that an old temple in the name of the Temple of Ramses, which was loved by Amon, had mentioned the monument commemorating the battle of Kadesh said that formality, add to enhance the image of Egypt and her own power to neighboring countries, and also to promote the Egyptian religion in all the region, forming the temple Six stones in the Nubba area, Temple entrance contains four statues of Ramses and Nefertiti.
Many centuries have passed, the temples were abandoned altogether, and were covered in sand almost entirely, to come in 1813, and GL Burkhardt and orientalists of Corniche is Switzerland temple’s President, rush je to talk to his friend Giovanni bilonzi a scientist exploring Vitaliano, and tells him what he found, To travel together down there, but they were unable to dig an entrance to the temple, return without any benefit, but Italian Giovanni back again in 1817, and open the entrance to the temple and succeeds, and carry everything you found valuable.
this temple transfer fully to the artificial Hill in Aswan on high dam above the closet, this transfer was necessary to avoid the sinking of these temples with water as a result of the development of Lake Nasser, which resulted in an artificial water reservoir on River Nile, he named Abu Simbel site location Together the world heritage by UNESCO, and came under the label (Nubia).
Speaking tour guides in the Temple of Abu Simbel today that there is a legend about a young boy living in the place, which has been leading the explorers to this location again, and it was deemed permanently buried in sand that moves between Vinh and, based on this myth it This is called the Temple of Abu Simbel after that was known as the Temple of Rameses and Nefertiti.