utique is the oldest Phoenician cities in North Africa, called the old city or ‘Attica’ as contained in Aristotle’s alleged author welios batrkolos, Ibn Khaldun called it ‘energy’. Founded in the 12th century BC and specifically the year 1101 BC after the founding of the city of Cadiz, Spain the year 1110 BC (2877) by the Phoenicians. It is about 30 km from Tunisia and Bizerte about 25 km.
Erected by merchants located in Empire of Phoenicians with North Africa, becoming the first Phoenician maritime Bank of Africa.
It was easy to protect commercial harbor of Utica in Laurel Strait salt. In the Roman period and the impact of the sea as a result of soil erosion which abstract Valley bridge much of Tunisia Bay and left behind swamps like pumpkin boa mar and Lakes such as Lake salt marsh like manure Laurel Ariana became a port of Utica, down about 11 miles from land coastline.
It was a very strategic location old Utica was centered over the road from Carthage to hypo hiboakra rigios functions making it prosper enormously. And that was the prosperity cause of jealousy and mutual rivalry between Utica and Carthage. The city of Utica in 348 b.c commercial Treaty between Rome and Carthage.
Phoenician graves have been discovered dating back to the eighth century b.c, there are also large Punic cemetery dating back to the 5th century b.c, in addition to the residential part of the Roman city. There are just 500 meters from the entrance to the archaeological site Museum contains numerous engravings and statues and mosaics, ceramic pots and various relics bonnet and Phoenician and Roman. Archaeological Museum will soon be a new construction bautik on an area of approximately 390 m 2.
The city of Carthage was the year 814 b.c role in shrinking importance of Utica as the capital llvininkin since the late 6th century BC, to become subject to Carthage with the continued dependency within the year 149 b.c when the Roman third Punic War began-(149-146 BC) when it became an ally of Rome, Utica Disguised lkortag, after the first two wars ally (the first 264-241 war, and War II 218-202 b.c). When she won Rome, Utica became war free city bonus from the Romans, becoming the capital of the Roman province of North Africa in the year 49 b.c Otika participated in the civil war which Julius Caesar’s supporters encountered following the rebel Pompey. Marcus was borsios Kato uttisnsis (95-46 b.c), lbombios excited, but on two occasions Viewer CAD massacre against the people of Utica by rebels because of the bias of Caesar. After the battle of thabsos in 46 b.c the younger Cato scallop in Utica last struggle against Julius Caesar, where he committed suicide, to enter the door of legend.